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Law and Internet

Internet is a place where much information is exchanged. Hence, it is easy for the criminals to hack that information. Personal and payment information are often given to the online websites when an online purchase is made. Computer hackers try to get this information so that they can utilize them in various illegal ways. This information can be used to get bragging rights or for selling them in the black market. Another important internet crime is the child pornography which is growing at a rapid pace now. There are several laws to control the internet crimes. The internet criminals are punished with fines and jail imprisonment. Internet Safety laws are followed in 19 different states to secure their people against the cyber-crimes. The first internet safety law was "The Communications Decency Act". This was passed in the year 1996 by the congress party. This law was declared as unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the year 1998. The second internet safety law was passed in the year 1998 which was called the "The Child Online Protection Act". This law was also declared as unconstitutional in the year 2004. "The Child's Internet Protection Act" was passed in the year 2000 and it is still considered as a valid law. The law "Protect Our Children Act" was passed on by President Bush in the year 2008. This law is one of the strongest laws in the recent days. This new law is meant to secure any kind of child exploitation both offline and online. This is because; in recent years the child exploitation beginning online will be slowly moved to the offline exploitation of adults and children. This law requires the creation of national level task force.

Recently, a new bill has been submitted to the Congressional process. If this bill is passed, then its entire funds will be used for enforcing cyber laws in both the levels of State and National which would be helpful for fighting the cyber criminals. This bill will also offer funds to the victims for high legal counseling. Adults particularly the teenagers must be very careful in providing any information on the internet. While visiting the social networking sites and chatting with some strangers, sensitive information should not be revealed to them. Proper caution must be taken while accepting the friendship request and uploading the photos on the networking websites.

Internet Copyright laws are almost similar to the normal copyright laws of books, music and art. The rights of the online publications belong to the author until the online viewers receive the grant rights from the author. In the year 1989, the law "The Berne Copyright Convention" was passed in order to secure the internet's intellectual properties. This law is followed all over the world. This law is useful when the notice for copyrights is not published in the internet. This law is created for protecting the entire varieties of authorship including the drama, music, art, literary, design and digital arts. This is a civil law and hence anyone who violates this law can be prosecuted in a civil court. To boost this law another law called "The Digital Millennium Copyright Act" was also passed in the year 1998. The California penal Code Section 502 declares the activities like destroying the computer data, copying a computer data, unauthorized uses of computer services, modifying a computer data, unauthorized access of computer data and sending viruses as cyber crime activities.